Out phishing

outfishingFraudsters frequently use tactics such as fake phone calls, texts and emails to obtain your information, perhaps claiming to represent your bank, your utility companies, or even the police. To maintain your personal and financial security, be sure to be on your guard for:

Vishing: a telephone call from someone claiming to represent your bank, intended to coerce you into sending your money to another account or handing over cash/cards.

Phishing: an email, which looks like it’s from us, designed to trick you into providing personal and financial information.

Smishing (SMS phishing): a text message, which looks like it is from us, designed to trick you into providing personal and financial information by calling a number or clicking a link.

Remember:

• Be wary of unsolicited requests for your personal information, such as usernames, passwords or bank details.

• If a phone call seems suspicious, don’t be afraid to hang up and call your bank on a known number – use a different phone line where possible.

• If an email looks suspicious, do not click on links or download documents.

• If you have suspicions regarding a text message claiming to be from the bank, call your bank on a known number to check before acting on it.

Where (not) to put your wi-fi router

signalGet the best out of your wi-fi access point and router by choosing the right place in your home.
The best place may not always be convenient for you, so it may need some extra cabling between your ISP’s modem and your wi-fi router. But even the best router on the market will not perform well if you place it in the wrong spot. Consider these tips to get the best coverage and stable wi-fi connections:

Place your wi-fi access point or router in a central location in the middle of your home rather than at one end. Solid surfaces slow down wi-fi speeds and a central location reduces the number of walls it has to go through. The thicker the wall, the harder it is for the wi-fi signal to pass through. Hiding away the router in a corner may not be a good choice.

Don’t put it on the floor. Try and position it on a shelf, cupboard or table. Do not put it in a cupboard or closet, which will reduce the wi-fi signal speed and distance. Wi-fi signals go down as well as up, so if you put it on the floor, a proportion of the signal will go through the floorboards. Compare the signal performance with a light bulb. Mounting the light on the ceiling shines better.

Keep your wi-fi access point or router away from material that can reflect the signal and dispersing it: metal objects like a TV, mirrors and glassware. Water can absorb the wi-fi signal, so it reduces the travel distance of the signal. Also micro-waves may interfere with the wi-fi signal.

Finally, test your wi-fi signal before you settle with the location of your access point or router. Connect as many devices as possible from the different and the most used locations in your home. Use streaming services to see if your signal is stable. If you have portable devices, like tablets and smartphones, walk around your home to detect the ‘weak’ spots. The position of the antenna(s) or the position of the router itself (if no external antenna is available) will also influence the performance.

Belgacom b-box 3 – port forwarding

bbox3Belgacom B-box 3

The B-box modems are used by Belgacom to support the triple play service offers (telephone, TV and Internet).

thumb up  The Belgacom b-box 3 supports  seamless VLAN integration. All four LAN ports can be used for Internet connections or decoders.

thumb down The administration menu is very restricted and gives very limited control of the router through the user profile login.

Check the online documentation published by Belgacom.

modem-b-box-3-led-all-leds

if you do not wish to use the WiFi features, make sure the two LEDs below are off:

b-box-3-led-wifib-box-3-led-wps

more information about the LED indications can be found on the Proximus site

 

How to configure port forwarding for VPN Servers

Any server installed behind the B-box router will remain unreachable from the Internet unless you configure the firwall (open ports) or use the port forwarding. Here is how you make a VPN Server reachable through the B-box 3.

Login as user to your B-box 3 router (see instructions published here).

Select the Access Control Menu item.

Choose Portmapping and Create a new portmap.

Select in the Service menu ‘PPTP Server‘ and enter the Internal host IP Address.

Confirm with OK to save the settings.

portmapping

Check also the Firewall Level setting:

firewall

 

VPN Clients with DD-WRT firmware

serveVPNThe DD-WRT firmware Version v3.0-r30082  includes VPN Client support.

These are the steps that did the job to use the PureVPN client. Other clients like the vyprVPN or the ExpressVPN client may work as well.

Logon to the router and first make a backup of your current configuration (go to the Administration tab and select Backup).

On the DD-WRT control panel, in the Setup tab, go to “Basic Setup

  • Change the WAN Setup (from Automatic Configuration – DHCP) to “PPTP” protocol.
  • “Gateway (PPTP server)” select the Domain Naming Server (DNS) address for PPTP/L2TP from the PureVPN server list (vyprVPN server list)
  • “Username” enter the username provided by PureVPN (not your email address).
  • “Password” enter the password provided by PureVPN.
  • “Use DHCP” select “Yes” (all other options are set to “No”)
  • “Additional PPTP Options”: write “refuse-eap” in the option box.
  • Network Address Server Settings (DHCP): “DHCP server” is “enable

WAN

click “Apply Settings” and then hit “Save”.

On the DD-WRT control panel, in the Security tab, go to “VPN Passthrough

  • “IPSec Passthrough” is “enable
  • “L2TP Passthrough” is “enable

pastr

Note that PPTP Passthrough may need to be enabled to make some VPN Clients work correctly.

click “Apply Settings” and then hit “Save”.

On the DD-WRT control panel, in the Status tab, go to “WAN

“Login Status” click the Connect (or Disconnect) button to start/stop the connection

Note that you may need to remove static DNS settings on both the router and your personal devices (PC, Tablets, etc.):

dns

Be aware that the use of the VPN Client may drastically reduce the throughput on the Internet.

To revert to its previous value or disable the use of the VPN, ‘reset’ the WAN Connection Type setting. (e.g.  “Automatic Configuration – DHCP”).

Internet streaming outside country of origin

serveVPNExpats and globetrotters may share the challenge to watch their favourite programmes from home, while accessing the Internet from abroad. You will need a stable and high speed on the local Internet connection to make the VPN work.

These VPN solutions have done the job so far:

logoRTVE outside Spain on iPad and iPhone try ExpressVPN.

bbciplayeroutside UK on MacBook try NordVPN, PureVPN or ExpressVPN.

sporzaoutside Belgium on MacBook and Windows 10 try NordVPN, PureVPN or vyprVPN.

Alternatively you can try streaming services:

FilmonTV


If you have a router with DD-WRT firmware, read my post for VPN Clients use on the router.

Check for DNS leak test.

Read also the thevpn.guru-Retinaarticle(s).

3G Mobile Wi-Fi Modem (TL-MR5250)

M5250-05TP-LINK 3G Mobile Wi-Fi Modem (TL-MR5250)

Spain is notorious for its high internet tariffs. If you are staying on the Canary Islands without a free wi-fi service available, you may opt for a prepaid sim card. For convenient concurrent access with laptops, tablets and smartphones, you can install the sim card in a 3G router, like the TP-LINK 3G Mobile Wi-Fi Modem.

  • built-in 3G modem – HSPA+/HSPA/UMTS/EDGE/GRPS/GSM
  • DL: 21.6Mbps, UL:5.76Mbp
  • Powerful 2000mAh battery
  • IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g, IEEE 802.11n
  • Supports up to 10 users simultaneously
  • Firmware Version: 1.0.1 Build 131015 Rel.39500n

works with simyo sim, Lebara sim, Euskaltel sim and DIGI mobil

esim

Settings for DIGI mobil (prepaid sim) in Canary Islands

Dial-up settings:
Dial-up type: automatic
Data roaming: enable

Profile Management:
APN Type: Static
APN: internet.digimobil.es
Authentication Type: CHAP

PIN Management:
SIM Card PIN disabled

Settings for Lebara (prepaid sim) in Canary Islands

Dial-up settings:
Dial-up type: automatic
Data roaming: enable

Profile Management:
APN Type: Static
APN: gprsmov.lebaramobile.es
Authentication Type: PAP

PIN Management:
SIM Card PIN disabled

Settings for Euskaltel Internet (contract sim) in Canary Islands

Dial-up settings:
Dial-up type: automatic
Data roaming: disable

Profile Management:
APN Type: Static
APN: internet.euskaltel.mobi
Username: CLIENTE
Password: EUSKALTEL
Authentication Type: CHAP

PIN Management:
SIM Card PIN disabled

APN settings for mobile Internet providers

esimAPN settings for mobile Internet providers in the Canary Islands:

simyo 4G on Orange (roaming)

APN settings for Orange World
APN:orangeworld

Username: orange
Password: ******
MCC: 214
MNC: 03
Authentication type: PAP
APN type: internet

Orange 4G on Orange (roaming)

APN (Android – portable hotspot) settings for Orange World
APN:orange
Username: orange
Password: ******
MCC: 208
MNC: 01
Authentication type: PAP
APN type: default,supl
APN protocol: IPv4

DIGI mobil 3G on Movistar (roaming)

APN (Android – portable hotspot) settings for Movistar
APN: movistar.es
Username: movistar
Password: ******
MCC: 208
MNC: 01
Authentication type: CHAP
APN type: default,supl
APN protocol: IPv4

Lebara 3G on Vodafone (prepaid)

APN (Android – portable hotspot) settings for Lebara
APN: gprsmov.lebaramobile.es
MCC: 214
MNC: 06
Authentication Type: PAP or CHAP
APN Type: default, supl
APN Protocol: IPv4

Euskaltel 3G on Orange

iPhone settings can be loaded from the dedicated iphone settings page.
APN (Android – portable hotspot) settings for Euskaltel Internet
APN:ineternet.euskaltel.mobi
Username: CLIENTE
Password: EUSKALTEL
MCC: 214
MNC: 03
Authentication type: PAP
APN type: default,dun
APN protocol: IPv4

Find more info on APN Changer and Wikia.

Mac OS X file locations

dataWhere does Mac OS X store data files?

Mail files are stored in (hidden) Library sub-directories

~/Library/Mail
~/Library/Mail/V6 (Mojave)

mail preferences are in the ‘com.apple.mail.plist’ file, stored in the /Library/Preferences directory

more details can be found at about tech

Contacts are stored in (hidden) Library Application sub-directories

~/Library/Application Support/AddressBook

Calendar files are stored in (hidden) Library sub-directories

~/Library/Calendars

Music Artwork files (Catalina) are stored in Library sub-directories

~/Library/Containers/com.apple.AMPArtworkAgent/Data/Documents

Remove Windows 10 Upgrade Notification

W10How to remove the Windows 10 Upgrade Notification

If your PC runs Windows 7, Microsoft may send you notifications to upgrade to Windows 10. In case you do not want to upgrade and want to get rid of the notifications, you can follow these steps:

  • Uninstall Update for Windows KB3035583
  • Delete the GWX Program
    the GWX process has to be stopped and the program removed. It’s located in C:\Windows\System32\GWX and C:\Windows\SysWOW64\GWX in 64 bit systems. Delete the entire GWX folder.

Synology DiskStation DS1511+

Synology DiskStation DS1511+

  • CPU INTEL Atom D525
  • Frequency : Dual Core 1.79 GHz
  • Memory : DRAM 1024 MB
  • Internal HDD/SSD :
  • External HDD Interface : 4 x USB 2.0 – Type A, 2 x eSATA 3Gb/s
  • LAN : 2 Gigabit interface
  • Wake on LAN/WAN
  • 1 x VGA – HD-15
  • DSM 6.2.2-24922

NAS with excellent performance, security features, convenient web interface, good external USB drive support and optional application packages, supports SyncBack (backup and synchronisation windows client)

Built-in support for “Free DNS” DDNS service

iPAD users can use the SqueezePad app to remotely control the Logitec Media Server.

iPhone users can use the iPeng app to remotely control the Logitec Media Server.

DSM 6.1.4-15217 includes an updated Logitech Media Server stable version.

Logitech Media Server notes (prior to DSM 6.1.4):

DSM 6.0.2-8451 includes Logitech Media Server version 7.7.6-113 which works fine with iTunes plugin enabled and handles correctly all playlists:
Logitech Media Server Version: 7.7.6 – 1452060463 @ Thu Jan 21 02:17:04 UTC 2016
Perl Version: 5.24.0-0066 – x86_64-linux
Database Version: DBD::SQLite 1.34_01 (sqlite 3.7.7.1)

Logitech Media Server (LMS) notes (prior to DSM 6.0-7321):

The configuration below worked fine with the iTunes plugin enabled and handles correctly all playlists:

  • Logitech Media Server Version: 7.9.0 – 1437640078 @ Thu Jul 23 09:08:35 UTC 2015
    this LMS version is the LMS Repack based on the latest Synology package of Logitech Media Server, and updated to LMS 7.9.0. Read first the instructions on the Synology-Forum.nl (in Dutch).
  • Operating system: Synology DiskStation (DSM 5.2-5592 Update 2) – EN – utf8
  • Perl Version: 5.18.4 – i686-linux
  • Audio::Scan: 0.95
  • Database Version: DBD::SQLite 1.34_01 (sqlite 3.7.7.1)

The iTunes library was generated by a Windows7 iTunes 64-bit version 12.2.1.16. Internet stream library entries and podcasts can cause a misbehaviour of the playlists and were removed. Apple’s Protected AAC Audio will not play and were converted (check my post how to convert).

iTunes plugin settings:

  • iTunes Music Library.xml Location: /volume1/music/iTunes/iTunes Music Library.xml
  • iTunes Media Folder: /volume1/music/iTunes/iTunes Media

LMS Basic settings:

  • Media Folders: /volume1/music/iTunes/iTunes Media
  • Playlists Folder: /volume1/music/iTunes/iTunes Media

Tuning the Windows environment – Windows 7 Housekeeping

Windows Housekeeping

The foundation to make the housekeeping process easy and efficient is the partioning of my hard disk(s).

While the primary partition holds the operating system and programme files, the secondary is dedicated to the data files. This way, the operating system may be re-installed at any time without data loss. Disk cleanup and defragmentation will run faster and more efficient. Finally, also the system performance may be improved. The SSD partition(s) on my hybrid ultrabook is left untouched.

Removing unused and temporary information from your system allows Windows to run faster and more efficiently:

  • Perform a regular disk cleanup and defragmentation of the volumes
  • Clean the startup entries after software installation and upgrades
  • Perform a regular registry cleanup and defragmentation
  • Perform a regular complete virus scan of your disks
  • Perform a regular complete spyware scan of your system
  • Defrag the pagefile

Check my related posts:

Tuning the Windows environment – Windows 7 optimization‘,

Microsoft Windows support pages

disable services‘,

reclaim disk space‘,

and Best of Breed section for a selection of freeware tools to help you with these tasks.

Check out the Windows Sysinternals website for latest tool developments.